Mizoram, "the land of the high landers", forests and bamboo-covered hills suddenly take the place of green paddy fields and tea estates. Mizoram is a gentle pastoral land, and the mizos are friendly and welcoming people. Mizoram is the state with highest literacy state in India. Its a land unending natural beauty with a variety of flora and fauna. The beauty of Mizo society is that westernization mixes harmoniously with local traditions. Music and dance is the sprit of their culture. Mizoram is also a botanist's paradise as there are many kinds of orchids, wildflowers and herbs found over here.






Mizoram predominantly a Christian populated state, is towards southern most tips of the north eastern states, sharing borders of Manipur, Assam, Tripura then jutting down between Myanmar and Bangladesh.

The world Mizo means highlander a collective name given by their neighbours to a number of tribes which settled in the area. They are originally believed to have come from North-western China and gradually pushed themselves towards their present homeland, less then 300 years ago.

The state has thick bambo forest, rivers run in narrow ribbons that seem to be challenging onlookers to plunge in for some excitement. The hill range runnings in north south direction are resplendent with green vegetation throughout the year.

The highest peak, phawngpui (meaning Vast Meadow) known as blue Mountain a garden of rhododendron of arboreum and veitchiaum species is 2,065 mtrs (7,100ft). There are number of a hilly streams and rivers which number through idylic scenario.



Mizoram at a Glance ...



21,081 sq km




Miza, Hindi, English
Per Capita Income: 6,100
Religion: Hindu
Main Income: Tourism , Agriculture
Best Time to visit: All year through


Mizoram was inhabited by the tribal groups of Tibeto-Burmese race. During the period 1750-1850 migrations led to settlements in the hills. The tribal groups were governed under a hereditary chieftainship. The Lushais are the most predominant tribe besides a few others like Panei, Lakher, Chakma, Riang. Agriculture is the main occupation of this region. During the British period, Mizoram became a part of the territory of the British India in 1891 though the administration of the villages were left to the local chieftains. The influence of the British also extended to conversion into Christianity. After independence of India, Mizoram continued to be part of Assam. In 1966 the Mizos resorted to the use of armed struggle to put forth their demands to set up a homeland. It was in 1986 that peace was established and Mizoram joined the main stream with the Indian Union.


Blue Mountain (Aizawal) » Pukzing Cave (Aizawal) » Milu Puk (Aizawal) » Lamsial Pak (Aizawal) » Kungurhi Puk (Aizawal) » Sibuta Lung (Aizawal) » PhulPui Grave (Aizawal) » Chhingpuri Memorial (Aizawal) » Mangkhai Hang (Aizawal) » Buddha's Image (Aizawal) » Thangliana Lung (Aizawal)


In Mizoram, there are three main festivals in a year. Festivals are called Kut in Mizo language. The three Kuts are Chapchar Kut, Mim Kut and Pawl Kut. All the three festivals are connected with agricultural activities. The festivals are celebrated with feasts and dances.Chapchar Kut:Chapchar Kut was celebrated after completion of the cutting of jhums. It was a thanksgiving festival. The villagers faced many dangers and difficulties in cutting down dense forests with their simple Daos and axes. They would organise a big feast in the month of March to celebrate the success in jhum cutting. The festival continued for seven days and even beyond if the villagers would afford it. A few days before the day is fixed for the festivities, hunting parties from the village would go out in the forests and rivers for hunting wild animals, trapping birds and catching fish. On this occasion Zu would be brewed in a large quantity.



By Air :
Aizwal is connected with Guwahati, Silchar & Calcutta which in turn is connected to major cities.

By Rail :
Nearest railway station is Silchar (Assam)- 180 kms from Aizwal and Guwahati- 397 kms from Silchar is connected with the most of the major places in India.

By Road : The state is well connected by good network of roads. The state transport runs corporate buses to various places within India.  





Conservation efforts have led the Mizoram Government to set up quite a few wildlife sanctuaries in the state, the oldest as well as the largest of them being the one at Dampa in Aizawl district. The Dampa Sanctuary, set up in 1976, covers an overall area of 681 sq.km. Quite a number of important varieties of the wildlife like the Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Deer, Sambar, Serow and wild Pig are enjoying sanctuary protection at Dampa.Three other smaller sanctuaries have been set up at Ngengpui (110 Sq.Km), Phawngpui (60 Sq.Km) and Tawi (60 Sq.Km.). Murlen and Palak Lake area in Chhimtuipui district have been selected for creating two more protected wildlife habitats. The Palak Lake area is popularly known as the heaven on earth not only for its natural beauty but also because it is home to a wide range of beautiful butterflies and moths.


Handloom and Handicrafts are the most important and popular industrial activities in Mizoram. Mizoram Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited was established in 1988 to promote and operate scheme for the development of handloom and handicrafts industries in the state.The beautiful shawls and Puan of different designs reflect the weaving skill of the Mizo women. As much as the women excell in weaving, the men have transformed Mizo handicrafts into works of art from mere functional pieces. With an objective to keep craftsmen abreast with the changing trend and to introduce them to new techniques and designs, Crafts Development Centres have been opened at Aizawl and Lunglei in the year 1991 and 2001 respectively. The Tribal Handloom Development Project was started in 1992. Under this Project, four emporia have been opened inside the state. Besides, one emporium and a showroom at Kolkata, and a permanent sales outlet in New Delhi have also been set up.


The hilly state of Mizoram is one of the youngest states in the Indian Union, having been conferred statehood in February 1987. It consists of steep hill ranges, separated from one another by narrow valleys. It is predominantly an agrarian state like most of the other states of the North East with more than 70% of its population engaged in agriculture. The present state of the economy is far from satisfactory with very less improvement in the agricultural productivity level. Handloom and handicrafts are the other traditional means of livelihood. The bamboo products of Mizoram are very famous.The per capita income of Mizoram is above the national average. However, the state is not self-sufficient and depends heavily on Central Govt. assistance like most of the North Eastern states. Mizoram has the advantage that it shares borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar. With the opening up of border trade, the state would be able to be a major business hub. In terms of infrastructure, it is still very poor with an index of 63 (according to CMIE in 1992-93) with reference to the national average of 100.In 1997-98 the contribution of the tertiary sector to the NSDP was the highest (58.98%). Over the years, all the sectors (primary, secondary and tertiary) show fluctuating trends. Also there is no obvious shift in sectoral contribution.The annual compounded growth rate of NSDP during the period 1993-94 to 1997-98 has been worked out at 13.4%. It has been observed that during 1993-94 to 1997-98 agriculture exhibited an annual compound growth rate of 13.17% at current prices. Similarly, manufacturing sector showed an annual growth rate of (-).06% at current prices for the same period.