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MAHARASHTRA GUIDE

 
Maharashtra is one of the largest states in India, both in terms of population and area. Its booming capital Mumbai, makes it not only one of the most important states economically, but also the 2nd largest producer of films in the world. The Marine Drive, the Mahalakshmi Temple, Fire Temple, the Victoria Temple, Gateway of India, are some of Mumbai's best places. You can go shopping in Bombay at Colaba Causeway, Chor bazaar, or Zaveri Bazar if you are on the lookout for some exquisite jewellery.


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  MAHARASHTRA INFORMATION

 
The capital of Maharashtra, Mumbai owes its name to Mumba Devi, the guardian deity of the city. It is the most cosmopolitan city with a pace of its own - which is often breakneck. It is exciting - jostling crowds, pot-holed roads, rattling suburban trains, pollution, traffic jams, high rise, beautiful people, Dharavi, the largest slum in the world et al. A lot of excitement is because Bombay is "Bollywood", the 2nd largest producer of films in the world. The Marine Drive, the Mahalakshmi Temple, Fire Temple, the Victoria Temple, Gateway of India, are some of Mumbai's best places. You can go shopping in Bombay at Colaba Causeway, Chor bazaar, or Zaveri Bazar if you are on the lookout for some exquisite jewelry. The Elephanta Caves in Mumbai are a must see.Closeby is the city of Pune where the famous Indian Film and Television Institute and the Max Mueller Center for German Studies is situated. At nearby Nasik, considered to be one of the 7 most sacred cities of the Hindus, the Kumbh Mela is held to commemorate the churning of the ocean by the Gods and demons.
 
   

  MAHARASHTRA FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Maharashtra at a Glance ...

     
 

Area:    

308,000 Sq. kms.

     
 

Languages:

Marathi,hindi,English

     
  No of District:   35
  Best Time to visit: October to march
 
   

  MAHARASHTRA HISTORY

 
The rise of the Maratha power played an important role in the second half of the 17th century. In the middle Ages, the Marathas upheld the national cause under the Yadavas of Devagiri. But in the 17th century they were organised into a national state. In 1629, Shivaji's father Shahaji disengaged himself from the service of the Nizamshahi and joined the Adilshahi in Bijapur, which was soon to emerge as the most important power in the region.Shivaji Bhosale was the hero of the Maratha national movement. He was born in 1627. His mother Jiji Bhai groomed him by infusing high and inspiring ideas of heroism, spirituality and chivalry into Shivaji's mind. In 1646 he captured the fortress of Torna. Since then he raided, sacked acquired and annexed many forts and territories. With cunning planning and shrewdness, he always outwitted his enemies and opponents. By 1673, he had control over most of western Maharashtra and had made 'Raigarh' his capital. In 1674 Shivaji was crowned king at Rajgarh. When he died on 14th April 1680 at the age of 53, nearly whole of the Deccan was under his rule. Shivaji's son Sambhaji succeeded him who was executed by Mughals in 1689. Rajaram, Sambhaji's younger brother succeeded him and his death in 1700 seemed to end the power of the Marathas. But Tarabai, the elder widow of Rajaram, enthroned her young son Shahu, and stood up against Aurangaseb. The fight against the Mughals ended only with the death of Aurangaseb in 1707. After Aurangaseb, Mughal power declined in India and balance of power shifted in favour of Marathas.In 1712, when Shahu died, his prime minister or peshwa, Balaji Vishwanath (1712-1721) accented to the throne and established the Peshwa Dynasty. Balaji was succeeded by his son Bajirao (1721-1740). Historians regard Bajirao the founder of Greater Maharashtra, because it was under his reign that Maharashtra became the centre of Indian politics.
 
   

  MAHARASHTRA TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 
Mumbai (Bombay) » Elephanta » Ajanta Caves » Ellora Caves » Bhandordora » Aurangabad » Ganpatipula
 
   

  MAHARASHTRA FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

 
The Maharashtrians are a vibrant, earthy people for whom life itself is a celebration. Small wonder then that all festivals in Maharashtra are celebrated with abundant fervor. These times provide a unique opportunity to absorb Maharashtrian culture, with all its colorful customs, rituals and traditions. The song, music and dance that accompany almost every festive occasion add joy and excitement to the lives of the people from every walk of life. These festivals attract world-renowned artistes - musicians, dancers, painters, sculptors, weavers - who come together to pay tribute to Maharashtra's rich culture and legacy. The Maharashtrians are a hearty, festive people. The love for celebration is deeply ingrained in their culture and it finds expression through the various occasions on the Maharashtrian calendar. There is festivity all round the year and people cherish the good times with music, dance and delectable food.The Most Important festivals are : Nag Panchami,Narali Pournima,Gokul Ashtmi,Ganesh Chaturthi,Gudhi Padwa,Pola,Dussehra,Diwali,Makar Sankranti,Holi,Modern Festivals,Pune Festival,Banganga Festival,Elephanta Festival,Ellora Festival,Kalidas Festival at Nagpur.
 
   

  HOW TO REACH

 
Maharashtra, a state where a millennium of culture weaves a tapestry of myriad charms. The spiritual solace of centuries. The sylvan serenity of the countryside.

By Air: There is an extensive network of flights from Mumbai's Sahar (international) and Santa Cruz (domestic) airports. There are domestic flights to all the major cities of the country.

By Rail: Mumbai has trains connecting it to all important cities in India. Intra city trains in Mumbai are very good, and are the cheapest and fastest way to move around in Mumbai.

By Road: Mumbai is well connected to all the cities in Maharashtra by bus. Intra city bus services are also very good.

 
   

  MAHARASHTRA MAJOR CITIES

 
Mumbai » Pune » Aurangabad » Mahabaleshwar » Kolhapur » Nasik » Bhandardara » Nagpur » Ahmednagar » Akola » Amravati » Chandrapur » Raigad » Sangli » Satara » Thane » Wardha » Buldana » Dhula » Porbhani » Yawatmahal » Bid » Jalna » Osmanabad » Jalgaon » Latur » Nanded
 
   

  MAHARASHTRA SHOPPING

 
Mumbai-Shopping Shopping in Mumbai is a memorable experience as you wander through its Bazaars with striking names like Chor Bazar, Mutton Street and Zaveri Bazar. At Chor Bazar you'll find a phenomenal collection of antiques, jewellery, wooden articles, leatherware and general bric-a-brac. kolhapur is well known for its textiles and cottons, in particular Kolhapuri saris. But it is of course most famous for its jewellery and leather sandals or Kolhapuri chappals. You could easily get five pairs of sandals for less than Rs. 500. The jewellery from Kolhapur is known to dazzle the beholder and is beautifully crafted with delicate embossing and workmanship .Mahadwar and Shivaji Roads are good places to shop. You can find a good variety of Kolhapuri chappals and other leather goods on Bhausinji Road. There are a few good buys around the bus station in the Rajarampuri area. Shetkaari Bazaar is the cheapest place to shop and is popular amongst the villagers from surrounding areas.Shopping in Pune can be quite an experience! There is nothing you won't or cannot find here…you just have to have the eye for it! Pune with its blend of Indian and Western cultures is a paradise for all shoppers catering to each and every individual.Though one thing that you need to remember is the snooze time between 1.00 and 4.00 p.m.