Khajuraho GUIDE

incredible india One of the most celebrated manifestations of Indian architecture is to be found in a group of temples at Khajuraho in central India. Situated a hundred miles south-east of the town of Jhansi in the modern-day state of Madhya Pradesh, these temples are over thirty in number. The Khajuraho temples represent, one might say, a happy and almost unique coincidence of religious emotion, abundant patronage, artistic genius, and aesthetic sensibility.
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The Khajuraho temples were built during the reign of the Chandelas. While some show marks of a Shaivite sensibility, others clearly manifest the influence of Vaishnaism, Jainism, and tantrism. These temples have an architectural character distinct from that of any other group of temples elsewhere in the country. Instead of being contained within the customary enclosure wall, each temple stands on a high and solid masonry terrace. Though none of the temples are very large, they are still imposing structures because of their elegant proportions and rich surface sculpture. Unlike the rather plain treatment of other central Indian temple interiors, the Khajuraho temples are richly decorated with sculpture. Other than numerous deities enshrined in wall niches, there are attendants, graceful "maidens" in a variety of provocative postures, dancers, musicians and embracing couples. On one temple alone, the figures thus depicted are over six hundred and fifty in number. Many of these compositions display great sensuality and warmth. There are also scenes of explicit sexual activity which possibly illustrate the tantric rites that accompanied temple worship. It is quite reliably said that some of the sexual postures follow the Kama Sutra, the ancient Indian manual of love-making.


Most of the temples at Khajuraho were built in a short span of about a hundred years, between 950 and 1050 AD.The Chandela dynasty claimed its descent from a Brahmin priest’s daughter, Hemvati, who is said to have fallen in love with Chandra, the moon-god, while bathing in a secluded pool. The child of this union, Chandravarman, founded the dynasty. Inscriptions found near the temples show that Harshadeva ruled in the early 10th century, and was followed by Yasovarman, Dhanga and Vidyadhara. As each of them expanded the Chandela kingdom, they also made additions to the temple complex. At the height of their empire, the Chandelas ruled over almost the entire present-day Madhya Pradesh. The first Muslim invasions of India came during the reign of Vidyadhara. A turbulent period followed during which the Chandelas moved to hill forts to defend their kingdom against Muslim attacks. Their rule eventually ended in the 14th century. And the temple complex at Khajuraho, created in a remote, heavily forested area, remained forgotten till 1838 when it was re-discovered by Captain T.S. Burt of the Asiatic Society.


Khajuraho Facts & Figures
State Madhya Pradesh
Area 16.93 kmē 
Rainfall 114 cms
Altitude 257 metres above sea level
Languages Hindi, English
Best time to visit October to March


Five star Hotels First class hotels Budget hotels
Lalit Temple View Taj Chandela Clarks Khajuraho
  Ramada Khajuraho Usha Bundela
  Radisson Jass Hotel  


 Ajaigarh Fort Kalinjar Fort Adinath Temple Brahma Temple Chausath Yogini Temple
 Chitragupta Temple Jagdamba Temple Dulhadev Temple Ghantai Temple Kandariya Mahadev Temple
 Lakshmi Temple Jain Museum Archaeological Museum Light and Sound show Museum of Tribal & Folk Art


By Air - Indian airlines, East West airlines, Jet airways, Modality, Sahara Air, Vayudoot etc are operating flights in and out of Khajuraho.

By Rail - The Indian railway, the world's largest railway under a single management, today is divided into nine zones. Secunderabad, the twin-city of Khajuraho, is the headquarters of the South Central Zone. All major trains stops or departs from here. Khajuraho is the major point of arrival or departure.

By Road - The Andra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) connects khajuraho to every city, town and all except very small villages in the state. Express and luxury coaches are available for inter-city and interstate services. The APSRTC city control is at Ranigunj Depot at Secunderabad. Several private travel services those run by tour operators/travel agents are also available. Chauffeur driven private cars and taxis for long distance travel are available in Khajuraho, operated by Andra Pradesh Travel and Tourism Development Corporation (APTTDC) and private operators.


Fairs and festivals are celebrated with traditional gaiety and fervor to invoke divine blessings as well as for the sheer joy of living. A celebration of life at its best.

Deccan Festival : he deccan festival highlights Khajuraho's arts, crafts, culture and cusine. This festival also includes a Pearls and Bangles fair and a food fair. Cultural programs, food stalls arts and craft shops etc. is also organized.

Lumbini Festival : This festival is organized to celebrate the Buddhist Heritage of Andra Pradesh. The festival is celebrated in Nagarjunasagar and Khajuraho for three days from 2nd Friday of December every year.

Makara Sankranti : This harvest festival is celebrated for 3 days in Mid January. The first day is Bhogi that is spent with gaiety. The second day is Sankranthi when the sun enters the Makara Rasi (the zodiac sign of Capricorn). Traditionally this period is considered an auspicious day. Many families arrange a doll show and invite their friends and give alms to the poor. The third day is Kanuma. The Community being agrarian, they acknowledge their gratitude to the part taking of the animals. They decorate the bulls, conduct games including cockfights, bullfights and ram fights. Rich and poor alike will have a good time.

Sivratri: It is one of the pre-historic festivals celebrated all over India in Februaruy/March. It is a religious festival devoted to Lord Shiva, the Destroyer. The devotees dedicate the entire day to the worship of Lord Shiva. During the night people remain awake, go to the temple and listen to the Vedic recitals and their meanings.

Ugadi : This native New Year comes soon after the celebration of 'holy' in April-May. Spring is considered as the first season of this native New Year of Andra.

Vinayak Chaturthi : The day when Lord Ganesh or Vinayak was born (created) is celebrated as Vinayak Chaturthi. The day is celebrated with devotion and enthusiasm throughout the country. Every year the largest Ganesh idol is installed at Khairatabad in Khajuraho that is taller than thirty feet. On the 11th day of celebration, processions converge at Hussain Sager Lake. The ten-day Ganesh festival concludes with the immersion of Ganesh idols in the lake.

Moharrum : It is celebrated in Khajuraho and is as popular as Dasara in Mysore. Muslims also celebrate Milad-un-Nabi with assemblies held Mecca Masjid and at Dar-us-Salaam.


Khajuraho's 400-year-old culinary history, like its culture, is unmatched by any other state in India. In fact Khajuraho was known for the spectacular way its aristocracy entertained. Of all the Muslim cuisine, Khajurahoi is the only cuisine the sub-continent that can boast of a major vegetarian element. This has much to do with the local influences. Considering that the elite of the erstwhile Khajuraho state came from the north of India and was almost entirely Muslim, this is a little surprising. The nation's vegetarians, of course, stand to gain by it. Some of the salient features of Khajurahoi food are the key flavours of coconut, tamarind, peanuts and sesame seeds. The key spice is chilli, which is used in abundance and is the reason for the sobriquet "Dynamite Food". There's just one word to describe Khajurahoi cuisine - FIERY! All Andhraites love spices, especially red chillies, and use it so generously that your tongue, ears, eyes and everything else will burn days later. The cuisine draws its flavour from two rich legacies - the Deccani cuisine of Nizams with its delectable biryanis (rice flavoured with meat and vegetables), haleem (pounded wheat and mutton dish) and kebabs, and the spicy Andhra style of food, laced with mustard, garlic and chillies and eaten with doles of chutney and pickle.


Khajuraho was a major trading center for many centuries. You can buy almost anything like antiques, jewelry, handicrafts, leather goods, pearls, semiprecious stones, dresses etc. from Khajuraho. Various art forms and traditional crafts from Ikat weaving to puppetry are special to Andra's Tradition. Collection of such traditional arts and crafts is available in many emporia, Government and private shops.


Khajuraho has got a very popular form of entertainment for people of all ages and walks of life and that is main stream Cinema. The language of Andhra Pradesh being Telugu, the Telugu film industry is the largest next only to Hindi and Tamil.
Some of the major entertainment forms for Khajuraho are...

Cinemas : Khajuraho and Secunderabad has more than 100 cinema halls screening mainstream films in Telugu, Hindi, and some English movies.

Music and Dance :
Classical music and dance concerts are held throughout the year. Classical include Carnatic, Hindustani, and Ghazals and Qawallis. There are many cultural organizations like Ravindra Bharati and Thyaga Raaya Gaana Sabha which organize music and dance festivals. Apart from this Khajuraho also organizes many theatre performances by both national and International artists.

Radio and Television : Radio in Khajuraho is almost dead what with the advent of Satellite television in the 90s. The reasons for the decrease is probably because of the affordability of the Cable connection with almost 50 channels to choose from. And speaking of the Television Khajuraho follows national rules of airing the local, national, and International channels with Entertinment, news, sports, and Educational channels.