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JODHPUR GUIDE

 
 
Jodhpur, the second largest city of Rajasthan, at the edge of the Thar desert was once the capital of the Marwar state. It was founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be descendants of Rama - hero of the epic 'Ramayana'. The city dominated by the massive Mehrangarh fort on a rocky hill is charming with its wealth of historic attractions and colourful markets which specialises in antiques. It is still one of the leading centres of wool, cattle, camels and salt.

 
  Jodhpur Guide
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  JODHPUR TOURIST INFORMATION

 
Set at the edge of the Thar desert, the imperial city of Jodhpur echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. Once the capital of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The massive 15th century A.D. Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125 Mts. Above the plains. The city is encompassed by a high wall -10 km long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions. A major trade centre of the 16th century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur is now the second largest city of Rajasthan. While the graceful palaces, forts and temples strewn throughout the city bring alive the historic grandeur, exquisite handicrafts, folk dances music and the brightly attired people lend a romantic aura to the city. The jumble of wide winding streets are flanked with pavement stalls. The lifestyle in jodhpur is unusually fascinating with folks wearing lovely multihued costumes, artistically designed. Women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a hip length jacket, with three quarter length sleeves, covering the front and back. The colorful turbans worn by the men folk add more color to the city. It was from here that the popularity worn baggy - tight, horse riding trousers- ‘Jodhpurs’ took their name.
 
   

  JODHPUR HISTORY

 
Rao Jodhaji, the chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs moved his capital from its vulnerable position in Mandore to its present location in 1459. He first built the Mehrangarh Fort and then fortified the city surrounding it. In the early 16th century Rao Ganga Singh, one of his successors, joined hands with Rana Sangha, the great warrior king of Mewar against a common enemy, the Mughal Emperor Babur. During the reign of Babur’s grandson Akbar, a tenuous peace was reached following his matrimonial and military alliances with many Rajput kingdoms. This period of calm allowed Jodhpur to become a centre for the arts and culture. By the end of the 18th century, after a period of political strife, Jodhpur emerged as the largest and most powerful of princely states. By the time of Indian independence in 1947, it was a much-respected progressive kingdom that merged with the Indian Union.
 
   

  JODHPUR AT A GLANCE:

 
State :
Rajasthan
Area 22,850 sq km
Location:
The city is located in Western Rajasthan and is located at a comfortable distance of 300 Kms. from Jaisalmer and 330 Kms. from Bikaner. There is a convenient highway connecting these three cities.
Climate: Summer : Min 20 C to Max of 45 C - 49 C , Winter : 5C Min - 20C Max
Average annual rainfall 4082 sq. km.
Best time to visit
October to March.

Languages spoken Marwari, Hindi, English

STD code:
0291
 
   

  JODHPUR HISTORY

 
For anyone with a deep interest in history, a summary of Agra's history would indeed provide a wealth of information. Situated on the banks of river Yamuna between Mathura and Surajpur, Agra was originally a part of the Surasena Empire with Mathura as its capital. But it came into limelight when Sikander Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi made it his capital in the 16th century. After the advent of the Mughals, there was a shift in the power play and Agra became the most important seat of Mughal power in India between the 16th and 17th centuries. Agra was one of the most important cities under the Mughals, which is amply evident from the numerous historical monuments in and around the city. The earliest reference for Agra comes from the epical age, when Mahabharata refer Agra as Agravana. In the sources prior to this, Agra has been referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. The first person who referred Agra by its modern name was Ptolemy. Agra came to its own when Shahjahan ascended to the throne of Mughal Empire. He marked the zenith of Mughal architecture, when he built the Taj in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. In his later years, Shahjahan shifted his capital to the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi and ruled from there. Shahjahan was dethroned in 1658 by his son, Aurangzeb who imprisoned him in the Agra Fort. Aurangzeb shifted the capital back to Agra till his death. After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal Empire could not touch its peak and many regional kingdoms emerged. The post-Mughal era of Agra saw the rule of the Jats, Marathas and finally the British taking over the city.
 
   

  HOTELS IN JODHPUR

 
     
Five star hotels First class hotels Budget hotels
Umaid Bhawan Palace Ajit Bhawan Nora Vila
Taj Hari Mahal Karni Bhawan Apex International
Taj Gateway Jasol Heritage Mapple Abhay
  Bal Samand Garden Retreat Niky
  Jhalamand Garh Nirali Dham & Resort
  Pal Haveli Marugarh
  Park Plaza Polo Heritage
  Shree Ram International Rajputana Palace
  Ranbanka Ratan Vilas
  Durjan Niwas Water Habitat Retreat
  Bal Samand Lake Palace Wilderness Camp
  Ratananda Polo Palace Lake View
    Residency Palace
 
 

  JODHPUR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 
       
Mahamandir temple Chamunda mataji temple Rai Ranchodji temple Osiyan Temple
Mehrangarh Fort Jaswant thada Clock tower & sadar market Kaylana lake
Jai pol Loha pol Mandore Nehru Park
Rai Ka baag palace Umed garden    
 
   

  JODHPUR TRAVEL INFO

 
By Air - Indian Airlines / Alliance Air and Jet Airways connected Jodhpur with regular flights. The airport is 5 km from downtown. Taxis or auto-rick-shaws are available for transfers. Travel charges from the airport to the railway station vary between Rs. 100 - 120. The Indian Airlines city office is on Circuit House Road, near Bhati Cross Roads.

By Rail -  Jodhpur is on the Western Railway's broad-gauge network and is linked to various centers in the region by express and passenger trains. An excellent connection to Jaipur is Inter City Express (4.5 hours). The Railway Station is in the heart of town.

By Road - Jodhpur is well connected by luxury and deluxe coachers, overnight connections. Several coach operators run buses between Jodhpur and other major centers in the regions. Reservations for the State Roadways buses can be done at the Tourist Reception Centre, near High Court.  The bus stand is near the Rai-Ka-Bagh Railway Station.
 
   

  JODHPUR FAIRS & FESTIVALS

 

Fairs and festivals are celebrated with traditional gaiety and fervor to invoke divine blessings as well as for the sheer joy of living. A celebration of life at its best.

Nag Panchami :
Nag Panchami is celebrated in honour of the Serpent King, Cobra (Naga). This fair is held on Bhadtapada Budi Panchami (August-September) of every year. People of all communities participate and gather in this fair. The snake charmers from the whole area gather and their cobras are worshiped especially by women. Huge effigies of the mythical serpent are displayed during the fair. The panorama during this festival is very colorful and eye-catching.

Marwar Festival : This festival falls in the 2nd week of October. It is a festival devoted mainly to the music and dance of the Marwar region. This is a festival that allows the visitor to understand and enjoy the folk traditions of this part of the state.

Gangaur :
This festival, dedicated to the goddess Parvati, is held for a period of fifteen days following Holi and is mainly celebrated by women. Married women invoke her blessings for material happiness; while unmarried girls pray to her, to be granted ideal husbands. Colorful wooden images of goddess are worshipped in each home.The procession of the Wooden image of Gauri (Parvati) is taken through the streets of Jodhpur. At night ladies apply Mehandi (Heena) to their palms and soles as an indication of their Sohaag (happy married life).

Nav Sati :
This fair is held on March-April at Ban Ganga in Bilara Tehsil of Jodhpur and attracts thousands of people. It is organized in the memory of nine women, who had committed sati (an ancient custom of sacrificing ones life at the funeral pyre of the husband) at this place. A dip in Banganga River is a must, before participating in the fair. The villagers later gather in groups arid enjoy themselves in singing and dancing to the beat of the drums.

Veerpuri Fair : This fair is held on the last Monday of Shravan (July-August) at the beautiful garden at Mandore. The Festival is celebrated in the memory of the heroes of Rajasthan, whose images are installed in a gallery known as hall of heroes. People from all communities gather here in their traditional colorful attire. They offer cash, coconuts or sweets to the images of Ganesh, Bhairav, Chamunda etc. here. 

 
   

  JODHPUR SHOPPING

 
Jodhpur is especially known for its shopping and its wholesale and export operations. Many European and North American dealers bypass other cities in India and come directly to Jodhpur for most of their shopping. In response to export markets, many of the factories and shops here design furniture and metal work products that are geared to Western tastes. The best shopping is found along the main roads of the new city. Even though the old city is an interesting cultural experience, don't expect to do much shopping there. The central market, or Ghasmandi Bazaar, is very popular with visitors. But the really good stuff is found outside the city walls. Jodhpur is basically known for it being the major exporter of wooden & iron furniture, antiques and traditional style jodhpuri handicrafts. The major area of exports is wooden handicrafts, iron handicrafts, wooden reproduction furnitures, wrought iron furniture etc. The emporiums in Jodhpur are organized for exporting large quantities of handicrafts and antique reproductions. You'll find textiles, silver, jewelry, instruments, pottery, boxes, carved ducks, metalwork, marble figures, paintings, copper, brass, antique reproductions, ivory, insignias in white German metal, bed covers, wall hangings, puppets, clothes, old doors, and lots of furniture. Look for Jodhpur's famous Bandhani, Bandhej and Lahariya (tie and dye textiles) as well as block screens and prints. Many of these can be found in Tripolia, Kapra Bazaar. Try Kanda Falsa for tie and dye sarees. What's nice about shopping in Jodhpur is the fact that this city has fewer touts and beggars because it also has fewer tourists. The few days you spend shopping and sightseeing here will be well worth your time.
 
   

  JODHPUR CUISINE

 
Jodhpur is a paradise for connoisseurs of cuisine. The palate is pampered with a wide array of snacks and meals, which are fiery and aromatic. The famous kachouri is a favourite that comes with a variety of fillings accompanied by tangy tamarind chutney. Yet another treat is the selection of delectable laddoos which are guaranteed to melt in your mouth! Tall glasses of cool lassi are the perfect ending to a spicy Rajasthani meal.

 
   

  THE ADVANTAGE OF SAFARI

 
Safaris are the best way to explore a region, its culture, tradition, to experience its geographical and topographical features and almost everything that a place can offer to us. The insight you gain through these tours can be at best explained as a treasure that will be with you throughout your life and after. Whether it is Jeep safari, camel safari, horse safari, the experience can be out of this world, especially in Rajasthan.