The state of Jharkhand came in to existence on 15th of November 2000. On the eastern extremities of the Vindhaya Hills, at the northern fringes of the Deccan, lie and forested hills, and escarpments of the rugged. The state of Jharkhand came in to existence on 15th of November 2000. All important major minerals like coal, Uranium etc., are found in abundance, below the fertile soul. Even today Jharkhand is famous for its vast reserve of mineral resources.






The Indian Parliament passed the Bihar Re-organization Bill on 2nd August 2000, to create the state of Jharkhand. The genesis of the demand can be traced toearly 1900s when Jaipal Singh, the Oxford educated hockey captain of 1928 olympics, mooted the idea of a separate state consisting of the southern district of Bihar.



Jharkhand at a Glance ...



79,714 sq km






Hindi, English
  Per Capita Income: 6,457
  Religion: Hindu
  Districts: 22
  Main Income: Agriculture, Industries
  Best Time to visit: All year through


Jharkhand which came into being on 15 November 2000 as the 28th State of the Union is the homeland of the tribals for which they had been dreaming for centuries. According to legend, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa had declared himself the ruler of Jharkhand in the 13th century. It largely comprises forest tracks of Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana and has distinct cultural traditions. In post-Independence era, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha started a regular agitation which impelled the government to establish the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally a full-fledged State.


Chanderi (Deogarh) » Talbehat (Deogarh) » Tama Sin(Chatra)» Barura Sharif (Chatra) » Joha Falls(Ranchi) » Sun temple (Ranchi) » Canari Hill (Hazaribagh) » Suraj Kund (Hazaribagh) » Tama Sin (Chatra) » Bichkiliya (Chatra) » Dassam Falls (Ranchi), Hundru Falls (Ranchi).


The Gay and vivacious Jharkhand are very fond of fairs and festivals and almost every fortnight there is a fair or a festival in one part of the state or the other. People come to participate in such functions from far-off places, trudging dusty distances. Many a fair is held in memory of a saint or a pir, and people from all communities living in a village participate in it. Men, women and children of all ages, classes and creeds flock in hundreds and enjoy the numerous fascinating features of the fair : races, singing, wrestling bouts, acrobatics etc. They play on folk instruments, such as Vanjli and Algoza. To a lover of culture, a Jharkhand fair is an aesthetic treat. In the life of a Jharkhand, fair and festivals are always an occasion to wear new clothes. Both old and young come out in their multi-coloured and smartest best. Some enthusiasts colour and brush up even their cattle and take them along.


By Air : Regular Indian Airlines services directly connects Ranchi with Patna and New Delhi.

By Rail : It is very well connected with major cities of country and falls on South Eastern Railways. Ranchi is a junction of N.H. 23 and 33, by road.

By Road : Ranchi is situated on National Highway No. 23 & 33 and there are nets of good roads around it. Ranchi is directly connected by regular bus services with all the main places in the state and also outside the state.


Ranchi » Netarhat » Hazaribagh » Sindri »Jamsedpur (TATA) » Bokaro » Plamu » Hatiya


Palamu Tiger Reserve:
Lying along the northern edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, the Palamau Tiger Reserve has an area of 1026 sq. km.

The undulating terrain is set off by sal forests and thickets of bamboo. Though the Koel River and its tributaries cut through the Park, the animals are mostly dependant on man-made water holes for their needs and viewing them is consequently quite easy.

Predators like the tiger and leopard, and elephant, gaur, sambar, muntjac and nilgai are found at the Park. The Indian wolf has also been seen here.


Jharkhand is known for its wood work, bamboo works, pitkar paintings, tribal ornaments and stone carving. The beautifully carved wood products and bamboo products show the craftsmanship of the people. Lack of promotion and marketing for these products has mostly resulted in extinction of some crafts like paitkar paintings and stone carvings.Wood Craft:Once a dense forest area, Jharkhand with the abundance of wood, resulted in the use this for creating variety of wood articles for household requirements.Bamboo:The bamboos found in the Jharkhand forest are thin but flexible and strong. Using these, the artisans of Jharkhand produce different artifacts like basket,haunting and fishing equipment.