Hyderabad GUIDE

incredible india Once upon a time pearl traders used to spread out their beads by the side of the road and hawk them the way you'd find green vegetables peddled today. The city has gotten a lot more tech-savvy since then, but it still retains quite a bit of the charm of the Shahi and the Nawabi days. While you find a younger crowd that is at once cosmo and geeky, you also find a lot of the old world aura about it.

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The capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is the fifth largest city in India with an ancient civilisation and culture. Attached to the city is its twin, Secunderbad, which is part of Hyderabad. The twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderbad are separated by the Husain Sagar, an artificial lake constructed during the time of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali in 1562 A.D. The city is nearly 400 years old and is noted for its natural beauty, mosques and minarets, bazaars and bridges, hills and lakes. It is perched on the top of the Deccan Plateau, 1776ft, above sea level, and sprawls over an area of 100 Sq. miles. A multitude of influences have shaped the character of the city. Its palaces and buildings, houses and tenements, gardens and streets have a history and an architectural individuality of their own, which makes Hyderabad a city of enchantment.


Hyderabad was founded in 1586 by Mohammed Quli, fifth Sultan of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty of Golconda. Today, it is the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The city has had its ups and downs. After the fall of the Qutb Shahis to the Mughal power, it was ruined and neglected. Between 1687 and 1724, it remained under Mughal control. In 1724 the Mughal Governor, Nizam-ul-Mulk started building the city wall. In the same year, as the mighty Mughal empire began to disintegrate, he assumed autonomy in the Deccan and founded the Asaf Jahi dynasty that was to rule for two hundred years. But Nizam-ul-Mulk's capital was Aurangabad. Hyderabad's revival began after 1763 when Nizam Ali Khan, Nizam-ul-Mulk's son and successor, shifted the capital back to where it had been in Qutb Shahi times. Hyderabad has grown enormously over four hundred years. Originally sited on the south side of the Musi river and built to reflect Sultan Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah's splendor and style of governance, the city has spread widely in all directions - north across the river, eastwards and westwards. Today it has a population of over four million.


Hyderabad Facts & Figures
State Andhra Pradesh
Area 260 km² 
Altitude 536 metres above sea level
Languages Hindi, English , Telgu
District 23
Climate Hot and humid
Best time to visit Mid October to Mid March


Five Star (Deluxe) Hotels :- First class Hotels:- Budget Hotels :-
Taj Krishna The GolKonda Baseraa
Taj Deccan Minerva(Sarojini Devi Road) Baseraa Inn
Taj Banjara Minerva(Banjara Hills) Mapple Inn
ITC Kakatiya Peppermint Hotel The Residence
Best Western Amrutha Castle Walnut Hotel
  Quality Inn Pearl Wood Bridge
  Fortune Select Manohar  
  Aditya Park Inn  


  Falaknuma Palace Nehru Zoological Park Public Garden Mahavir Harina Vanasthali
  Osmania University Warangal Nagarjunasagar Ramoji Film City
  Hyderabad Botanical Gardens Yadagirigutta Temple Nalgonda


By Air - Indian airlines, East West airlines, Jet airways, Modality, Sahara Air, Vayudoot etc are operating flights in and out of Hyderabad.

By Rail - The Indian railway, the world's largest railway under a single management, today is divided into nine zones. Secunderabad, the twin-city of Hyderabad, is the headquarters of the South Central Zone. All major trains stops or departs from here. Hyderabad is the major point of arrival or departure.

By Road - The Andra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) connects hyderabad to every city, town and all except very small villages in the state. Express and luxury coaches are available for inter-city and interstate services. The APSRTC city control is at Ranigunj Depot at Secunderabad. Several private travel services those run by tour operators/travel agents are also available. Chauffeur driven private cars and taxis for long distance travel are available in Hyderabad, operated by Andra Pradesh Travel and Tourism Development Corporation (APTTDC) and private operators.


Fairs and festivals are celebrated with traditional gaiety and fervor to invoke divine blessings as well as for the sheer joy of living. A celebration of life at its best.

Deccan Festival : he deccan festival highlights Hyderabad's arts, crafts, culture and cusine. This festival also includes a Pearls and Bangles fair and a food fair. Cultural programs, food stalls arts and craft shops etc. is also organized.

Lumbini Festival : This festival is organized to celebrate the Buddhist Heritage of Andra Pradesh. The festival is celebrated in Nagarjunasagar and Hyderabad for three days from 2nd Friday of December every year.

Makara Sankranti : This harvest festival is celebrated for 3 days in Mid January. The first day is Bhogi that is spent with gaiety. The second day is Sankranthi when the sun enters the Makara Rasi (the zodiac sign of Capricorn). Traditionally this period is considered an auspicious day. Many families arrange a doll show and invite their friends and give alms to the poor. The third day is Kanuma. The Community being agrarian, they acknowledge their gratitude to the part taking of the animals. They decorate the bulls, conduct games including cockfights, bullfights and ram fights. Rich and poor alike will have a good time.

Sivratri: It is one of the pre-historic festivals celebrated all over India in Februaruy/March. It is a religious festival devoted to Lord Shiva, the Destroyer. The devotees dedicate the entire day to the worship of Lord Shiva. During the night people remain awake, go to the temple and listen to the Vedic recitals and their meanings.

Ugadi : This native New Year comes soon after the celebration of 'holy' in April-May. Spring is considered as the first season of this native New Year of Andra.

Vinayak Chaturthi : The day when Lord Ganesh or Vinayak was born (created) is celebrated as Vinayak Chaturthi. The day is celebrated with devotion and enthusiasm throughout the country. Every year the largest Ganesh idol is installed at Khairatabad in Hyderabad that is taller than thirty feet. On the 11th day of celebration, processions converge at Hussain Sager Lake. The ten-day Ganesh festival concludes with the immersion of Ganesh idols in the lake.

Moharrum : It is celebrated in Hyderabad and is as popular as Dasara in Mysore. Muslims also celebrate Milad-un-Nabi with assemblies held Mecca Masjid and at Dar-us-Salaam.


Hyderabad's 400-year-old culinary history, like its culture, is unmatched by any other state in India. In fact Hyderabad was known for the spectacular way its aristocracy entertained. Of all the Muslim cuisine, Hyderabadi is the only cuisine the sub-continent that can boast of a major vegetarian element. This has much to do with the local influences. Considering that the elite of the erstwhile Hyderabad state came from the north of India and was almost entirely Muslim, this is a little surprising. The nation's vegetarians, of course, stand to gain by it. Some of the salient features of Hyderabadi food are the key flavours of coconut, tamarind, peanuts and sesame seeds. The key spice is chilli, which is used in abundance and is the reason for the sobriquet "Dynamite Food". There's just one word to describe Hyderabadi cuisine - FIERY! All Andhraites love spices, especially red chillies, and use it so generously that your tongue, ears, eyes and everything else will burn days later. The cuisine draws its flavour from two rich legacies - the Deccani cuisine of Nizams with its delectable biryanis (rice flavoured with meat and vegetables), haleem (pounded wheat and mutton dish) and kebabs, and the spicy Andhra style of food, laced with mustard, garlic and chillies and eaten with doles of chutney and pickle.


Hyderabad was a major trading center for many centuries. You can buy almost anything like antiques, jewelry, handicrafts, leather goods, pearls, semiprecious stones, dresses etc. from Hyderabad. Various art forms and traditional crafts from Ikat weaving to puppetry are special to Andra's Tradition. Collection of such traditional arts and crafts is available in many emporia, Government and private shops.


Hyderabad has got a very popular form of entertainment for people of all ages and walks of life and that is main stream Cinema. The language of Andhra Pradesh being Telugu, the Telugu film industry is the largest next only to Hindi and Tamil.
Some of the major entertainment forms for Hyderabad are...

Cinemas : Hyderabad and Secunderabad has more than 100 cinema halls screening mainstream films in Telugu, Hindi, and some English movies.

Music and Dance :
Classical music and dance concerts are held throughout the year. Classical include Carnatic, Hindustani, and Ghazals and Qawallis. There are many cultural organizations like Ravindra Bharati and Thyaga Raaya Gaana Sabha which organize music and dance festivals. Apart from this Hyderabad also organizes many theatre performances by both national and International artists.

Radio and Television : Radio in Hyderabad is almost dead what with the advent of Satellite television in the 90s. The reasons for the decrease is probably because of the affordability of the Cable connection with almost 50 channels to choose from. And speaking of the Television Hyderabad follows national rules of airing the local, national, and International channels with Entertinment, news, sports, and Educational channels.