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HARYANA GUIDE

 
Haryana is primarily an agricultural state with some major industrial areas. Its one of the more developing state. Haryana is a land of agrarian communities with politics revolving around rural localities. Haryana was the part of Punjab till 1966, they share history and capital city Chandigarh. The state of Haryana is witness to the invasions of the muslim rulers, battles of the Marathas and Sikhs.


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  HARYANA INFORMATION

 
Haryana Virtually the 'green' state surrounds Delhi on almost three sides. Its close proximity to Delhi also makes the areas around Delhi , industrial townships.

Haryana is primarily an agricultural state with some major industrial areas being developed by the government of India. It is one of the more developing states and offers a network of 45 tourist complexes, set up along the national and state highways.

Just a short drive from Delhi, one can visit Haryana's tourist complexes for a day. Tourist Attractions are - Badhkal Lake, Dabchik, Jungle Babler, Karna Lake, Sohna, Surajkund, Dumdama, Sultanpur, Kurukshetra.
 
   

  HARYANA FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Haryana at a Glance ...

 
 

Area:    

44,000 sq km

 

Capital:

Chandigarh

 

Languages: 

Hindi, English
 
Religion:
Hindu
  Main Income:
Tourism , Agriculture, Industries
 
Best Time to visit:
All year through
 
   

  HARYANA HISTORY

 
After the 1857 revolt, the British in February 1858, removed Haryana from the North Western Province and merged it with Punjab. The region of Haryana was divided into two divisions that of Hissar and Delhi. Delhi division consisted of the districts of Delhi, Gurgaon and Panipat while the Hissar division consisted of the districts of Hissar, Sirsa and Rohtak. The districts were further divided into tehsils, tehsils into Zails and Zails into villages. The Punjab government in 1871 ordered setting up of district committees or 'Zila Samiti'. The 1883 Punjab District Board Act gave more power to these Zila Samitis.The formation of Arya Samaj on 10 April, 1875 was to play a very important role in the history of Haryana region. The founder of Aryan Samaj, Swami Dayanand (1824-1883) was a great Sanskrit and Vedic scholar. Swami Dayanand came to Haryana in 1880. He stayed in Rewari for some time to preach against superstition and illiteracy. He also established a branch of Arya Samaj in Rewari. Later another branch was established in Rohtak. Later still, Lala Lajpat Rai played an important part in popularizing Arya Samaj in Haryana villages. Arya Samaj played a great role in removing backwardness in the farming community of Haryana, especially the Jats.
 
   

  HARYANA TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 
SurajKund (Kurukshetra) » Thaneswar (Kurukshetra) » Masani Temple(Gurgoan) » Shish Mahal (Gurgaon) » Sohna (Gurgaon) » Sultanpur Sanctuary (Gurgaon) » Damdama Lake (Gurgaon)
 
   

  HARYANA FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

 
Mahabhartha Festival(December) at Kuruksehetra is one of the most delightful experiences that has begun at Kurukshetra. Gita Jayanti celebrations have a series of events. These include the recitation of the Shrimad Bhagwad Gita, peasants celebrating the Epic Mahabharata and Lord Krishna. Seminars on the holy Bhagwad Gita and performances by theatre groups, Bhajan recitals, the ‘aarti’ and ‘Deep Daan’ at the Brahma Sarover holy water tank mark the day. Each event is glittering memorable and a deeply soulful experience. The celebrations commemorate the holy scripture: Bhagwad Gita and lord Krishna. The event is celebrated with seminars and cultural events.
 
   

  HOW TO REACH

 
By Air : Chandigarh has excellent air service, and it is linked with Delhi. Ludhiana and Amritsar also have daily air service to New Delhi. Furthermore, Amritsar airport is an international airport. By airplane, from Delhi one can reach any city in Punjab within two hours.

By Rail : Haryana is well connected with major cities of India.

By Road : Good metalled roads connect all the major towns with Chandigarh and Delhi.
 
   

  HARYANA MAJOR CITIES

 
Chandigarh » Chandigarh » Panipat » Gurgaon » Karnal » Ferozpur » Faridabad
 
   

  HARYANA WILDLIFE AND BIRDS

 
The world famous Bird sanctuary at Sultanpur was discovered by Peter Jackson, the famed ornithologist. This lake-sanctuary, which stretches over an area of about 400 acres has, at any given time, besides local varieties, more than 100 species of birds from Europe and elsewhere. Birds from as far away as Siberia come to nest here, October through February. The 150 acre jheel (lake) is filled by thousands of ducks, mallard, pochard, shoveller, teals of all kinds, ghadiyals, greylag, bar headed geese etc. From far off lands come the flamingoes, pelicans & demoiselle cranes. It is situated 46 kms from Delhi, on the Delhi – Gurgaon – Gaurakhnagar road.
 
   

  HARYANA ARTS AND CRAFTS

 
Haryana is quite famous for its woven work, be it shawls, durries, robes or lungis. The Haryana shawl is known as "Phulkari". It is an offshoot of the shawl from Kashmir. It is a spectacular piece of clothing, full of magnificent colors and intricate embroidery. Worn with with a tight-fitting choli (blouse) and Ghagra (long skirt), it forms the basic winter wear for the women of Haryana. A deviation from the phulakri is the "bagh" (garden). In this case, the entire cloth is covered with embroidery. The phulkari is made by female members of a house, and takes a long time to make; sometimes even a few years. Traditionally, work on a phulkari commences from the time a daughter is born in the family and is given to her at her wedding. Against a red background, motifs of birds, flowers and human figures are stitched into the cloth. The bagh design almost always follows a geometric pattern, with green as the basic color probably because mainly Muslims worked on them. Although lacking in technical finesse, it makes up for the loss by a colorful display of its design. Another kind of shawl is the Chope , a rather simple affair in comparison to the phulkari and bagh, and is presented to a new bride by her maternal grandmother. The darshan dwar shawl is gifted to a temple by a devotee whose wish has been fulfilled.Haryana durries are rather coarse, although spectacular geometric designs adorn the entire rug. The durries made with white triangles often set against a blue background are quite popular. In Haryana, durrie making is concentrated in and around Panipat.
 
   

  HARYANA ECONOMY

 
Haryana emerged as a separate state in the Federal Galaxy of Indian Republic on November 1, 1966. With just 1.37% of the total geographical area and less than 2% of India's population, the state has carved a place of distinction for itself during the past three decades. In this perspective, this book highlights the structural changes and economic development of Haryana duly substantiated with up-to-date statistical facts and figures. The book covers the important indicators of economic development, viz. domestic product, human resource development and occupational pattern, in order to correlate them with the stage of economic development in Haryana. The book also examines the emerging pattern of development in agricultural and industrial sectors along with present status of various constituents of infrastructural facilities in the state.
 
   

  HARYANA SHOPPING

 
The retail business in India is set for a heady growth in the coming years with the number of shopping malls in Asia's third largest economy rising to a staggering 358 by the end of 2007, according to a study.The country has some 100 malls now, with the famouse city in India Gurgaon accounting for maximum numbers of the gleaming shopping centers. But the retail sector is expected to see over 34 million sq ft of shopping centre space by the year end, said the report on shopping centre development in India.