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BIKANER GUIDE

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Guide Hotels Sightseeing
 

  BIKANER TOURIST INFORMATION

This is camel-country. They transport grain, pull heavy carts, work the wells Water lies sometimes 122 metres below the surface, Wells are important: almost sacred. Built on high plinths with slender minareted towers on each of the four corners, these wells proclaim their existence from afar, like a shout of welcome. The miles between villages are tediously long Off the highway are mainly cameltracks, or small unmetalled roads. Watch your petrol-gauge! And you too, in your swift 20th century limousine, may have to stop to ask for water at a cameldriven well, Akhepura has a picturesque one, with its four turrets intact.
 
   

  BIKANER HISTORY

Bikaner's history dates back to 1488 AD when a Rajput prince Rao Bika ji a descendent of the founder of Jodhpur(1459 AD), Rao Jodha Ji established his kingdom here. Bika Ji chose a barren land called "Jungladesh" and shaped it into an impressive city, called Bikaner after the founder's name. Archeological surveys and excavations have established beyond doubt that civilization flourished here even before the Harappa period. Excavated statues, coins and carvings of stones and clay stands as testimony to this fact. Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession into Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and there after it's integration in Rajasthan state in 30-3-1949 A.D., Bikaner has played a notable role in the history of the country. Bikaner state has produced several able Generals and warriors and distinguished Rulers and just to name of few Raja Rai Singh Ji-One of Akbar's most distinguished Generals. Another famous name is Raja Anup Singh who ascended the throne in AD 1669 a scholar and warrior. His period has been described as "the golden time of Bikaner valor and fame". In the modern period Bikaner produced the most outstanding Ruler, namely Maharaja Ganga Singh who ruled for 56 years. He was a strong and able ruler who renovated the traditional administration, modernized the army, separated the judiciary from the executive, constructed the famous "Gang Canal" and provided a number of welfare schemes, hospitals. His son and successor Maharaja Sardul Singh, who ascended the throne in A.D. 1943, played a conspicuous role in the merger of the princely states in the Indian Union. His Nationalistic outlook shall ever be remembered by the citizens of Bikaner. His son Dr. Karni Singh made a mark in Indian politics and in the field of sports. Ever since 1952 General Elections he had been elected as member of Parliament continuously for five terms. He attained international fame in shooting arena. At present the city is developing fast into an industrial and tourism center.
 
   

  BIKANER FACTS AND FIGURES


Bikaner Facts & Figures
State Rajasthan
Area 174 km² 
Population 6,42,550
Altitude 237 metres above sea level
Languages English, Hindi, Rajasthani
Rainfall 26-44 cms
 
   

  HOTELS IN BIKANER

  First class hotels in Bikaner
Gajner Palace Laxmi Niwas Palace Karni Bhawan Palace Bhanwar Niwas
Lalgarh Palace Heritage Resort    
 
 Budget Hotels in Bikaner
Sagar Raj Vilas Palace Maharaja Ganga Mahal Basant Vihar Palace
Harasar Haveli Marudyan Resort Maan Bilas  
 
 
   

  BIKANER ATTRACTIONS

Junagarh Fort Lalgarh Palace Gajner Palace Karni Mata Temple
Bhandeshwar and Sandeshwar Temples Shiv Bari Temple Bhaironji Temple Ganga Singh Museum
Sun Gate Kalibangan Shri SadulMuseum Rajasthan State Archives
Katariasar Village Devi Kund Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary The Camel Breeding Farm  
 
   

  BIKANER TRAVEL INFO

By Air - The nearest airport is Jodhpur 235km.

By Rail - Bikaner is connected with Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bhatinda, kalka and Howarh (Culcutta).

By Road - Bikaner is connected by road with the major cities of India. Some important distance are : Delhi 456km Jaipur 334km, Jaisalmer 333 km.
 
   

  BIKANER FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

Fairs and festivals are celebrated with traditional gaiety and fervor to invoke divine blessings as well as for the sheer joy of living. A celebration of life at its best. The Camel Festival : A spectacular event of camel performances, camel races, camel acrobatics dances and camel milking competition are a part of of the celebrations.

Kolayat Fair : Coincides with Pushkar fair when pilgrims take a holy dip in the Kolayat lake on the full moon day in the month of Kartik.

Gangaur Festival : Dedicated to Goddess Parvati- the consort of Lord Shiva. Grand processions of the deity accompanied by dancing women are a part of the eighteen day long celebrations.

Holi : Exuberant festivals beginning several days before the actual day of Holi, make it a special and spectacular occasion.
 
   

  BIKANER CUISINE

Bikaner cooking was influenced by the war-like lifestyle of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this region. Food that could last for several days and could be eaten without heating was preferred, more out of necessity than choice. Scarcity of water, fresh green vegetables have all had their effect on the cooking. In this desert belt cooks use minimum of water and prefer, instead, to use more milk. buttermilk and clarified butter dried lentils, beans from indigenous plants like sangri, ker, etc. are liberally used. Gram flour is a major ingredient here and is used to make some of the delicacies like khata, gatta ki sabzi, pakodi, powdered lentils are used for mangodi, papad. Bajra and corn is used all over the region for preparations of rabdi, kheechdi, and rotis. Various chutneys are made from locally available spices like turmeric, coriander, mint and garlic. Perhaps the best known Rajasthani food is the combination of dal, bati and churma but for the adventurous traveller, willing to experiment, there is a lot of variety available. Besides spicey flavours, Bikaner is distinguished by its popular sweet Rasogullas, Raj Bhog, GaundPak, Ghevar, Fini, and Rabri.
 
   

  BIKANER SHOPPING

Bikaner has its own peculiar items, typical to this region; its articles made of camel and sheep, wool carpets and woolen items, wood and leather products. The Bikaneri Bhujia, Rasgulla and sweets are popular all over India. Shopping areas include inside Kot Gate, King Edwaed Memorial Road, Khadi Industries Institute, Station Road, urmil Trust at Junagarh Fort.
 
   

  BIKANER CULTURE

The cultural wealth of Bikaner becomes manifest in its simplicity, grace and creativity. The un-artificial and loving nature of life is the main essence of its cultural heritage. The regions love for color and joyous celebrations is proved by elaborate rituals and the gay abandon with which it surrenders to the numerous fairs and festivals of the region. In addition to the festivals celebrated by the Hindus, Muslims and the others ,there are also other traditional fairs.