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ASSAM GUIDE

 
Assam the rich, green land of rolling plains and dense forests is the gateway to the north eastern part of India. The mighty Brahmaputra river that has its origins in Tibet charts course through this state. This mystic land of eternal blue hills and beautiful rivers is renowned for its tea, rich flora and fauna, the world famous one horned rhinoceros and other rare species of wildlife on the verge of extinction.



Guide

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  ASSAM INFORMATION

 
The largest of the states in the northeast of India is Assam whose capital, Guwahati, has an inspired location on the banks of the River Brahmaputra. Amidst Assamís verdant lushness are two important game sanctuaries, Manas and Kaziranga, both best known for their population of one horned Indian rhinoceros, a species that faced extinction. Much of the rest of the state is devoted to tea plantation which yield the strong Assam leaf popular all over the world.
 
   

  ASSAM FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Assam at a Glance ...

 
 

Area:    

78738 sq km

 

Capital:

Dishpur

 

Languages: 

Hindi,Assamese,English
 
Per Capita Income:
7,100
 
Religion:
Hindu
 
Main Incame:
Tourism , Agriculture
 
Best Time to visit:
October to March
 
   

  ASSAM HISTORY

 
Assam was known as 'Kamarupa' or 'Pragjyotish' in the period of the Epics. Human inhabitation of this area dates backs to about 2000 BC. The population of Assam comprises of the migrants from Burma and China. They came into Assam after the mongoloid migration. They came from Punjab through Bihar and North Bengal. Thus Assam presents a fusion of Mongol-Aryan culture. The early history of Assam is believed to be of the Varman dynasty. The reign of this dynasty extended from 400 AD to 13th century. The visit of Huien Tsang is said to have taken place during the 7th century at the time of Kumar Bhaskar Varman. The Ahoms ventured into Assam in about 1228 AD. By 15th century the kingdoms of Ahom and Koch were established. This period witnessed a change in all walks of life in Assam.In the later part of the 18th century the Ahom Kingdom was weakened due to internal strife. The Burmese ran over the political authority in Assam thus invoking British intervention to subdue the Burmese. After a conflict between the Burmese and the English, peace was restored by the treaty of Yandaboo in 1826. The British then set out to organize the administration, transport and communication. Besides the various changes, the construction of railways; introduction of tea plantation, discovery of coal and oil etc. proved fruitful to the British during the World War II. After Independence of India, Assam witnessed several separation of territories. In 1948, NEFA (Arunachal Pradesh) was separated. In 1963 Nagaland was separated. In 1972 Meghalaya and in 1987 Mizoram. 
 
   

  ASSAM TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 
Guwahati » Kaziranga (Golaghat) » Dighalipukhuri (Guwahati) » Hajo (Guwahati) » Chadubi Lake (Guwahati) » Sualkuchi(Guwahati) » Gohani Temple(Jorhat)
 
   

  ASSAM FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

 
Assam is a land of fairs and festivals. Most of the festivals celebrated in Assam have their roots in the diverse faith and belief of her inhabitants, but a spirit of accommodation and togetherness characterizes the celebration of all festivals. The perfect fusion of heritage of her numerous races has made Assam the home of the most colorful festivals which are passionate, compelling and mesmerizing reflecting the true spirit, tradition and lifestlye of the people of Assam.Majuli Festival : There will be a lot of scopes to fit yourself as a part of this festival . Special events are being organized during the festivals days round the clock. Cultural programmes will continue with the participation of various traditional and classical cultural troupes of Assam and troupes from rest of the country, in addition to rich cultural heritage of Majuli.Elephant Festival : For conservation and protection of Asiatic elephant a festival is organized every year at Kaziranga National Park jointly by the Forest Department.Brahmaputra Beach Festival : The Assam Boat Racing & Rowing Association, Guwahati organizes Brahmaputra Beach Festival on sandy beach of the mighty river Brahmaputra.Dehing Patkai Festival : This festival in eastern Assam derives its name from the lofty Patkai range and the playful Dehing river. It is a heady cocktail of ethnic fairs, golfing, tea heritage tours,
 
   

  HOW TO REACH

 

By Air : Guwahati is well connected by air with all the major cities, New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai,

By Rail : Assam is well connected by train with rest of India. There are train service from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and Thiruvannanthapuram. The important railheads are Guwahati, Dimapur, Silchar, Haflong, Lumding and Tinsukia

By Road : A network of  National Highways and other roads connect all the important cities of Assam. All the towns in Assam are well connected by the Assam State Transport Corporation. These buses also ply to the capitals of the neighbouring states.  

 
   

  ASSAM MAJOR CITIES

 
Dispur » Guwahati » Sibsagar » Tezpur » Majuli » Digboi » Haflong » Jorhat
 
   

  ASSAM WILDLIFE AND BIRDS

 
Assam is perhaps best-known for two things; tea and the one-horned rhinoceros, which is found in large numbers at Kaziranga National park. Kaziranga, is one of the most visited wildlife reserves of India and figures quite often on the itinerary of the discerning tourists from around the world. There are several ways of getting to Kaziranga: you can either fly to Jorhat and then drive to Kaziranga or rent a car or take a bus from Guwahati. The route to this national park, which is full of wetlands and some forests apart from the tall elephant grass, is scenic. One will find and women fishing in the bells or ponds,children diving into the inviting water on a warm day, coconut sellers hawking their waters by the roadside and boys on buffalo back in paddy fields, in the near distance, the blue hills of Arunachal Pradesh beacon you will passť the town of Jagiroad, where the Assam has an outlet and the town of Nagoan.14kms from Nogaon is Boroda, the birth place of the Assamese saint and reformer, Sankardeva, who led a 16th century revival movements of Vaishnavism.Kaziranga is spread over more than 430sq. kms and is the place where one of the last creatures of the prehistoric age, the rhinoceros lives. The lumbering beasts are easy to spot even from the National Highway, which passed by the sanctuary. They are best viewed from atop an elephant and there are early morning elephant rides for tourist, which must be booked in advance at the tourist center in Kaziranga.There are jeep safaris as well, and these can be organized at the center. At the sanctuary, you can sight, herds of wild elephants, the massive wild buffalo, huge numbers of deer-the hog deer the bara singla or twelve antlered and the large and stately sambhar. Wildboar abound as do many water birds as well as migratory species, including hombills, strocks, such as the great Adjutant Strok cranes.
 
   

  ASSAM ARTS AND CRAFTS

 
The people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen from time immemorial. Though Assam is mostly known for its exquisite silks and the bamboo and cane products, several other crafts are also made here.Cane and Bamboo-Cane and bamboo have remained inseparable parts of life in Assam.Metal Crafts Bell-metal and brass have been the most commonly used metals for the Assamese artisan.Handlooms,Assam is the home of several types of silks,Toys The toys of Assam have been broadly classified under four heads : (i) clay toys, (ii) pith, (iii) wooden and bamboo toys, and (iv) cloth and cloth-and-mud toys. Pottery Pottery is probably as old as human civilisation itself. In Assam, pottery can be traced back to many centuries.Woodcraft Assam has always remained one of the most forest-covered states of the country, and the variety of wood and timber available here have formed a part of the people's culture and ecomony. Masks With tribal art and folk elements form the base of Assamese culture.