Arunachal Pradesh is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus. The land is mostly mountainious with the Himalayan range along the northern borders criss-crossed with a range running north-south. On the eve of the new millennium newspapers carried reports of a small and breathtakingly beautiful valley hidden in the hills.






Arunachal Pradesh Capital of Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh can be divided into six natural regions. The first two regions are the Western parts of Kameng District and Tirap District where there are comparatively large concentration of population. The upper, the middle and the lower belts of the remaining parts of Arunachal Pradesh constitute three distinct regions. The concentrated population pockets on the foot hills constitute the sixth region. The rivers have created broad valleys in these areas. Due to the heavy rains, the forests are luxuriant in growth and large game inhabit them. Population is scanty.The Brahmaputra, India's major river enters Arunachal Pradesh from Tibet and flows into Assam from where it goes down to Bangladesh before falling into the Bay of Bengal. The state gets as much as five hundred centimeters of rain fall and this accounts for the large number of rivers and lakes in the region apart from extensive forests. The rivers Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Lohit and Tirap have divided the plains of Assam into valleys. The terrain mostly consists of submontane and mountainous ranges with the Himalayan range along the northern borders criss-crossed with ranges running north-south.


Arunachal Pradesh at a Glance ...



83,743 sq km


Capital :




Per Capita Income:
Main Income:
Tourism , Agriculture
Rainfall Avg:
Rainfall more than 350 cm
  Best Time to visit: October to March


There are practically no records relating to the earlier history of this area except some oral literature and the number of historical ruins found mainly in the foot hills dating approximately from the early Christian Era.In 1826 the British exercised their control in Assam after the treaty of Yandaboo concluded on 24th February 1826. Before 1962 the Arunachal was popularly called North Eastern Frontier Agency and was constitutionally a part of Assam. It was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs until 1965 and subsequently by the Ministry of Home Affairs through the Governor of Assam. In 1972, it was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20th February in 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.Arunachal Pradesh was inhabited by people of tribal origin. These groups had distinct culture. In the 16th century the Ahom Kings influenced the region. The population were of Tibeto-Burmese linguistic origin. The tribe consisted of the Daflas, Bangnis, the Monpas and they were influenced by Buddhist ideals. The Miri along with the Daflas and Tagin lived in the hills. The Apatanis were believed to be more advanced. They were agriculturists. Besides this the Abor who called themselves as Adi lived in the valley of Arunachal Pradesh. Besides them the Membas, Ramos and Boris formed minor groups. The Mishmis exists as Idus, Taraons, and Kamans. They excelled in handicrafts. Today tourism forms an important source of revenue for the state economy.


Ganga Lake (Itanagar) » Craft Center (Itanagar) » Polo Park (Itanagar) » Bhramputra Darshan (Pasighat) » Apple orchards (Bomdila) » Yak breoding (Bomdila) » Buddhist (Tawang) » Zoo (Itanagar)


Festivals form an essential aspect of the socio-cultural life of the people of the state. As a matter of fact, festivals are the mirror of the people's culture. Since agriculture is the mainstay of the population , naturally, the festivals celebrated by the people are closely connected with their occupation. Such festivals are celebrated at a larger sale for thanking the Gods for their providence and for saying a prayer a prayer for a bumper crop. Throughout the year festivals are celebrated by some tribe or the other. Some of the important festivals are Solung, Mopin, Losar, Boori Boot, Dree, Nechi Dau, Khan, Kshyat-Sowai, Loku, Longte Yullo, Mol, Nyokum, Ojiale, Reh, Sanken, Si-Donyi and Tamladu.


By Air :
There is a service operated by the Govt of Arunachal Pradesh from Guwahati to Itanagar. The nearest airport to Itanagar, at Lilabari in Assam, 57 km and served by connecting buses, is served by flights to and from Guwahati. There is a twice weekly Pawan Hans helicopter service between Itanagar to Guwahati.

By Rail :
Nearest railway station is Harmuty in assam, 23 km from Naharlagun and 33 km from Itanagar. The Arunachal Pradesh Express serves Harmuty. Super fast and fast passenger trains will bring you to North Lakhimpur from Guwahati (Assam). Taxis and buses link both railway stations to Itanagar.

By Road : Itanagar is connected by daily bus services from Guwahati and the other cities of Assam. Direct bus services are available for Naharlagun / Itanagar from the following places.

Guwahati ( 381 km), Shillong (481 km), Tezpur (216 km), Dibrugarh ( 375 km) & Namsai (495 km).



Bamdila » Itanagar » Malinithan » Tawang » Tezu » Pasighat


Arunachal Pradesh is home to a very rich mammalian wildlife population as the wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions have given rise to different forest types which create corresponding natural shelter , food etc. to varieties of wildlife. It has two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries. It is home to many rare and highly endangered species of Wild life like Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds Namdapha National Park amongst them has perhaps the widest diversity of habitat of any of South Asia's protected areas. It is unique, with it's elevation varying between 200 to 4500 mts.and has all four large cats, the tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard in addition to lesser feline species like the Golden cat and marbled cat.Seven species of primates i.e. Hoolock Gibbon, Slow loris, Assamese macaque, Rhesus macaque, Pigtailed macaque, Stumptaile macaque and Capped langur are found here.All the three goat antelopes found in India i.e. Serow, Goral and Takin are found here. Arunachal Pradesh is the only place in India where Takin is found.Among the large mammals, Mittan, which is a cross between the wild Gaur and domestic cattle, buffalo and elephant are all found in the plains and adjoining hills.


Arunachal Pradesh is a land of beautiful handicrafts comprising wide range in variety. All the people have a tradition of artistic craftsmanship. A wide variety of crafts such as weaving painting, pottery, smithy work, basketry, woodcarving etc. are found among the people of Arunachal Pradesh.From the point of view of art and culture the area may very conveniently be divided into three zones. The first zone includes the Buddhist tribes i.e. the Sherdukpens and Monpas and also to some extent the Khowa, Aka and Miji group; the Membas, Khambas, the Khamtis and Singphos. The people of the first one make beautiful masks.They also periodically stage pantomimes and mask dances.Making of beautiful carpets, painted wooden vessels and silver articles are, however, the speciality of the Monpas. The people of the second zone are expert workers in cane and bamboo. The Apantanis, Hill Miris and Adis make beautiful articles of these materials, which speak eloquently about their skill in handicrafts. The second cultural zone occupies the central part from East Kameng in the west to Lohit in the east. The third zone is formed by the southeastern part of the territory.