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ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR GUIDE

 
 
Andaman Nicobar island also known as emerland islands. An archipelago of 572 islands adrift in the Bay of Bengal, the union territory of Andaman & Nicobar islands stretches over an area of more than 700 km. Since pre-historic times aboriginal tribes have  lived  on these islands. The Andaman group is inhabited by the Mongloid stock. The first settlement of the British took place in 1789 and later in 1858 it became a penal settlement. These island are an amazing racial and cultural mix. For the nature lover the islands offer rich and varied delights.

 
 
 

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR INFORMATION

 
The sea around offers ample scope for water sports while the island themselves consists of their territory lush green forest cover extending over 86% of the territory. The rarest of rare flora and fauna have flourished undisturbed on these islands, more so because 36  out of these are inhabited. Adventure sports like trekking, island camping, snorkeling and scuba diving are the not to be missed attractions. And of tourist who want to get away from the madding crowd, a visit to these islands remains etched in the memory forever.   The Nicobars, which comprise 19 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves.
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Andaman & Nicobar at a Glance ...

 

Area:    

8,249 sq km

 

Capital:

Port Blair

 

Languages: 

Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Hindi, English
  Religion: Hindu
  Altitude: Varies from sea level to 732 meters
  Average Annual Rainfall: 3180.0 mm
  Best Time to visit: October to May
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR HISTORY

 
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands together with the rest of India, became Independent on August 15th, 1947. The Bengalis are the major population group which came to the Andamans after Independence. They came as 'settlers' under the Government rehabilitaion scheme, whcih started as early as 1949 and continued till the 1970s. All these groups migrated to the Andamans from different districts of East Pakistan ( now Bangladesh). The Bengalis are primarily distributed in the different villages of North, Middle and South Andamans. The rehabilitated settlers of Great Nicobar are the Ex-servicemen. Ex-servicemen were rehabilated according to the rules of the District Soldier, Sailor, Airmen Board, formerly known as the Ex-servemen Association and the Indian Ex-servicemen League. The first batch of Ex-servicemen came to the island in 1969. Others, from different parts of the mainland followed in 1970,1974,1977,1979 and 1980. These settlers include among others, Punjabis, Marathis, Malyalis and Tamilians. New rules and legislation were enacted and a Chief Commissioner directly nominated by the President of India headed the islands. On November 12, 1982, the post of Chief Commissioner was elevated to the rank of Lt. Governor. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands now send one elected representative to the Lok Sabha.
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 
Havelock Island (Andaman) » Baren Island (Andaman) » Rangat (Andaman) » Mayabunder (Andaman) » Diglipur (Andaman) » Long Island (Andaman) » Car Nicobar (Nicobar) » Katchal (Nicobar) » Great Nicobar (Nicobar) » Gandhi Park (Port Blair) » Mini Zoo (Port Blair) » Ross Island (Port Blair)
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

 
This fifteen-day long festival of dance, drama and music showcases the arts and crafts, flora and fauna and marine life of Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Aqua sports, tele-games and parasailing are added attractions. Dance performances from the troupes residing in different islands are organized. Cultural troupes and artistes of national and international fame are invited to perform during the festival apart from performances by the local tribals. Water sports competitions like Nicobari Hodi race are organized. The festival projects the image of the islands as an eco friendly tourist destination.Other attractions are Magic show, Puppet show, Floating restaurant, Baby show, Dog show, Canoe Race, Scuba Diving etc.
 
   

  HOW TO REACH

 

By Air :
Indian airlines connects Port Blair with Chennai and Calcutta. Jet airways, operates daily from and to Chennai.

By Sea:
There are ships sailing from Madras & Calcutta Ports and occasionally from Vishakhapatnam. The journey takes approx 3 days.

 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR MAJOR ISLANDS

 
Port Blair » Kalighat » Barren Island » Car Nicobar » Maya Bunder » Neil Island » Cinque Island » Katchal Nicobar
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ART AND CRAFT

 
The main Craft of the andaman & Nicobar Island include shell and exotic woods crafted for the tourists, palm mats, And beautiful, natural shalls. Due to the fear of over exploitation of the island natural resources, trade of some product is new banned.
 
   

  ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ECONOMY

 
Agriculture: A total of 48,675 hecatres of land is used for agriculture purposes. Paddy, the main food crop, is mostly cultivated in Andaman group of islands, whereas coconut and arecanut are the cash crops of Nicobar group of islands. Field crops, namely, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables are grown, followed by paddy during Rabi season. Different kinds of fruits such as mango, sapota, orange, banana, papaya, pineapple and root crops are grown on hilly land owned by farmers. Spices, viz., pepper, clove, nutmeg, and cinnamon are grown under multi-tier cropping system. Rubber, red oil, palm and cashew are grown on a limited scale in these islands.Industry:There are 1,374 registered small scale, village and handicrafts units. Two units are export oriented in the line of fish processing activity. Apart from this, there are shell and wood based handicraft units. There are also four medium sized industrial units. SSI units are engaged in the production of polythene bags, PVC conduit pipes and fittings, paints and varnished, fibre glass and mini flour mills, soft drinks and beverages, etc. Small scale and handicraft units are also engaged in shell crafts, bakery products, rice milling, furniture making , etc. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation has spread its wings in the field of tourism, fisheries, industries and industrial financing and functions as authorised agents for Alliance Airways.